PERAN INANTA DALAM PENANGANAN BENCANA SULAWESI TENGAH

By: Jasmani Ghadi (Program Manager INANTA)

The handling of the Palu earthquake and tsunami disaster has entered a phase of recovery and rebuilding. Since the emergency response and transition phases, various assistance has been distributed at all affected points. Food needs, clean water and temporary shelter are priority priorities for handling. Refugees need an affordable and healthy supply of food and clean water, as well as shelter close to a dignified state. As of the end of January, the population affected data was mainly the total death toll of 4,547 (2,830 dead, 701 missing and 1,016 mass buried), while the total number of displaced people and occupying emergency shelters was 172,999 people (53,172 households). This number came from 100,405 houses that were damaged (40,085 lightly damaged, 26,122 medium damaged, 30,148 heavily damaged and 4,050 missing). The number of refugees is a concentration of the government and various national and international institutions to build temporary shelters and fulfill the needs of clean water and food. Limited government resources in the recovery phase, became an important issue in the collaborative discussion of the program. The government opens opportunities for cooperation with humanitarian aid agencies, to fill the needs of refugees that are not affordable. Temporary shelters built by the government have various limitations ranging from limited lighting facilities, high numbers of refugees, and lack of clean water facilities that need to be resolved immediately.

Since the emergency response phase, INANTA has worked with the government and other institutions to implement humanitarian responses. Various types of assistance have been distributed, including 1,000 family kits, 2,000 school kits and water supply and hygiene promotion assistance. INANTA is committed to being fully involved in every aspect of humanitarian services in accordance with global standards and in favor of vulnerable groups. The humanitarian response of INANTA's cooperation with JUH has had a recovery effect for 12,622 people from 3,063 heads in Sigi Regency and Palu City, especially in temporary shelters and emergency camps with various limitations.

Sebanyak 2,000 anak (siswa) telah dapat kembali bersekolah dan mengakses pendidikan dengan paket school kits yang lengkap. 1,000 kepala keluarga yang menempati tenda-tenda pengungsian mampu menjalankan aktivitas rumah tangga dari bantuan family kitsshelter materials dan cooking tools yang diberikan. 1,631 perempuan dapat menggunakan paket hygiene kits untuk aktivitas sanitasi dan peningkatan kesehatan. 7,200 jiwa (2063 Kepala keluarga) telah menikmati bantuan air bersih yang mudah dijangkau dan memenuhi standar kesehatan untuk air bersih bagi pengungsi.

Proses pengerahan bantuan sangat mengutamakan keberpihakan pada wilayah dengan tingkat kerusakan tinggi dan belum terjangkau oleh bantuan yang sama dari lembaga lain. Seleksi penerima mengutamakan kelompok rentan dan kelompok miskin sebagai sasaran. Kabupaten Sigi merupakan wilayah dengan tingkat penerima bantuan paling tinggi, wilayah-wilayah dengan kerusakan tinggi mendapat survei dan assessment. Detail keseluruhan penerima manfaat bantuan INANTA-JUH sebagai berikut:

Program Items HoH M F Child Totally
Distribution Family Kits 1000 1791 1631 1125 3422
School Kits   1,005 995 2,000 2,000
WASH Pumping water system 389 729 697 493 1426
Piping Systems 210 428 371 256 799
Borehole 72 131 126 92 257
Shalow well 60 100 99 50 199
Water Trucking 1,332 2,336 2,183 1,443 4,519
  Total 3,063 6,520 6,102 5,459 12,622
 Program Items Pax M F Child
Training DRR 25 3 22 0
CLTS Training 25 3 22 0
CLTS Replication 503 185 318 55
  Total 553 191 362 55

Jumlah kepala keluarga penerima manfaat melibihi target dari 1,000 kepala keluarga yang direncanakan. INANTA berusaha menjangkau lebih besar kepala keluarga terdampak (pengungsi) dengan seleksi yang ketat dan penilaian kebutuhan yang mendesak. INANTA membangun jejaring kerjasama dengan berbagai pihak terutama pada pemerintah setempat, koordinasi lintas klaster dan masyarakat terdampak sebagai penerima manfaat langsung dari respon bantuan yang diberikan.